Herbs, Yarrow

Did you know that there are more deer now than when Europeans first settled the North American continent?  We have eliminated their natural predators such as wolves and mountain lions but that is only part of the reason why the deer population has exploded.  The biggest factor in the expanding deer population is that we have created more deer habitat in both suburbia and farming areas. Deer live along the edges of the woods.  They use the forest for cover and sleeping and open areas for grazing.  Centuries ago, before Europeans moved in, the continent was covered with forest.  There were few “edges” so the deer population remained small.  Native Americans prized deer meat and hides because deer were so few in number. Then Europeans moved in and started clearing the forests, creating more “edges”.  The deer population expanded, but was heavily hunted.  It wasn’t until the twentieth century, when hunting was restricted or even banned in many areas that deer began to increase and become a problem in suburbia.  Houses were built in formerly forested areas.  The new owners provided an all you can eat buffet in their landscaped yards for the resident deer.  More food meant more deer. You can discourage deer from grazing in your yard by planting deer-resistant plants.  There is no such thing as deer-proof plants because a hungry deer will eat anything.  Fortunately for herb lovers, deer tend to stay away from plants that are poisonous, have strong scents or fuzzy leaves.  Surprisingly, they don’t mind thorns and will happily munch on your roses. Poisonous Herbs

Herbs, Aconitum, Wolfsbane, Monkshood

Aconite

Aconitum (Aconitum napellus) Monkshood, Wolfsbane, no matter what you call it, all parts of this plant are poisonous and should be handled while wearing gloves.  It is a perennial hardy through zone 4.  It can stand sun but prefers partial shade.  A great accent for the back of your shady border, it grows to a height of 3’ to 5’.

 

 

 

foxglove

Foxglove

Foxglove (Digitalis spp) Foxgolves are another plant that should only be handled while wearing gloves.  They contain digitalin from which digitalis is made.  Too much of it can cause a heart attack.  Biennial and hardy through zone 4, foxgloves are shade lovers.  Their spectacular flower stalks grow to 2’ to 5’ high depending on the variety.

 

 

 

Strongly Scented Herbs

Herbs, Bee Balm

Bee Balm

Bee Balm (Monarda spp.) Bee balm is a useful herb that attracts bees, makes a refreshing herbal tea and smells lovely in your garden.  That lovely scent keeps the deer away.  It is a native perennial plant that is hardy through zone 4.  Depending on the variety, it grows 2’ to 4’ tall.  Bee balm is a sun lover but will tolerate a little shade.

 

 

 

Herbs, Chives

Chives

Chives (Allium schoenoprasum) Members of the allium family are almost guaranteed to be off the menu for deer.  Sun loving chives are perennials that are hardy through zone 3.  They have lovely lavender flowers that appear in the spring.  Chives grow in bunches that spread annually and grow to 10” to 16” tall.

 

 

 

Herbs, Garlic Chives

Garlic Chives

Garlic Chives (Allium tuberosum) A cousin of chives, garlic chives have an onion flavor with a strong hint of garlic.  Both are flavors that deer stay away from.  The white flowers of garlic chives burst onto the scene in August.  It is hardy through zone 3 and grows 18” to 24” tall.

 

 

 

Herbs, Lavender, Grosso Lavender

Lavender

Lavender (Lavandula spp) Lavender is beloved by bakers, crafters, perfumers and bees.  Deer dislike it for all the same reasons.  Lavender will gladly grow in any hot, dry, sunny spot in your yard.  The hardy lavandula varieties will easily overwinter through zone 5.  They grow between 18” and 30” tall.

 

 

 

Herbs, Chocolate Mint

Chocolate Mint

Mint ( Mentha spp) A huge family of plants native to every continent except South America and Antartica. They are characterized by their square stems and aggressive growth. Most are perennial through zone 4.  And deer do not eat any of them.

 

 

 

Greek Oregano

Greek Oregano

Oregano (Origanum vulgare) A widely used culinary herb that deer will not eat, oregano is a perennial growing 1 to 2 feet tall and hardy through zone 5.  It needs full sun and dry conditions.

 

 

 

Rosemary Before Hacking

Rosemary

Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) Rosemary is another drought loving Mediterranean herbs with a strong scent.  Deer dislike its strong, piney scent.  Rosemary is a culinary herb frequently used to flavor meats.  It is only reliably hardy through zone 7.  It will grow nicely in a hot, sunny dry spot like lavender eventually reaching 5’ in height.

 

 

 

Common Sage

Sage

Sage (Salvia officinalis) Sage is both strongly scented and has fuzzy leaves, both characteristics that deer dislike.  Sage is a perennial that is hardy through zone 5 and depending on the variety will reach a height of 3’.  Grow it in a sunny location and don’t overwater it.

 

 

 

Lemon Thyme

Lemon Thyme

Thyme (Thymus vulgaris) Another strongly scented herb that deer stay away from.   A small, shrubby perennial thyme is hardy through zone 5. Mature plants range in size from 6 to 12 inches, depending on the variety.  Thyme prefers a sunny location, but it can tolerate a little shade. It is drought tolerant.

 

 

 

Herbs with Fuzzy Leaves

Herbs, Borage

Borage

Borage (Borago officinalis) Borage is edible but most people, like deer, don’t care for its fuzzy leaves.  It is an annual that will freely self-sow itself in your garden.  It produces bright blue flowers on 18” to 24” plants in full sun.

 

 

 

Herbs, Catnip

Catnip

Catnip (Nepeta cataria) Catnip’s serrated leaves and square stems giveaway its membership in the mint family.  The fuzz covering its leaves keeps the deer away.  Catnip is a perennial that is hardy to zone3 and grows to a height of 3 feet.  Like most mints, it prefers full sun but will tolerate some shade.

 

 

 

Herbs, Tansy

Tansy

Tansy(Tanacetum vulgare).  Tansy has neither a strong scent nor fuzzy leaves, but deer seem to dislike its ferny leaves.  It is a perennial and hardy through zone 4.   Mature plants reach 3 to 4 feet in height.  It does best in full sun but will tolerate a little shade.  It is also drought tolerant.

 

 

 

Yarrow New Growth

yarrow

Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) Yarrow is another herb, like tansy, that has neither a strong scent nor fuzzy leaves.  Instead, it has ferny leaves that deer stay away from.  A perennial that is hardy through zone 3, it will grow to 2’ to 4’ depending on the variety.  It wants full sun and is drought tolerant.         The only thing that will totally prevent deer from dining in your yard is a fence that is at least eight feet high.  Without a fence, deer will generally stay away from your herb garden.  You can extend that protection by planting herbs among your flowers.  Their strong scents or fuzzy leaves will discourage deer from grazing in your garden.

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11 Comments on “Deer Resistant Herbs”

    1. Herbs are deer resistant because of their strong flavors. Deer won’t eat them unless there is nothing else to eat.

  1. We have lots of deer & all of these are in our herb garden. I am working on a post for deer resistant plants. I just found Vinta for a pretty flower plant.

  2. I have a love/hate relationship with the deer. I feel sorry for them when the snow is deep ( so I feed them), and then hate them come summer when they’re nibbling away at everything. My recent solution has been to start landscaping with herbs and other plant material they don’t like and occasionally tuck something they normally eat into a ‘screen’ of these plants. Seems to be working!

    Caroline

    1. And herbs are beaautiful too! So many of them have pretty flowers while others have wonderful foliage. Such beautiful deer repellent.

  3. I would like to plant a whole bunch of different herbs in a container. (large) You did not mention Basil in the deer resistant plants and that would be one of them. Which ones could I plant in a big container? Thanks I live in a rental place and would love to have a garden but this is it.

  4. I have quite a large deck ground level. I purchased some cheap netting and fastened it onto the posts around the deck. Last year I planted some smelly plants at one point and they never came close. The year before that? They knew when I was out and came around the open part on the front and ate all my container’s of flowers. I too have a love hate relationship with them. They are very smart animals.

  5. My daughter thought she would have to build a very high fence and couldn’t do it alone. I told her that fence only needed to be high enough that the deer could not see over it – about 4 to 5 feet at the most. But it needs to be solid so they cannot see through it. If they cannot see over or through it they will not jump as they can’t see where they will land. She did the fence about 6 years ago and has had no deer in her back yard since. She has lovely flowers there. The front yard is another problem. She is restricted to deer proof flora as she cannot build a fence in the front due to restrictions in the neighborhood.

    1. She is fortunate that her fence has kept the deer out of her backyard. Deer can jump 8 feet high so most deer fences are at least that tall.

      1. If it is a small enclosure, they won’t jump a low fence. I have one of these in my back yard, and the deer don’t go near it at all:
        https://www.gardendefender.com/

        I’ve got a batch of Earthboxes in it, and since space is limited, thanks to your advice, I think I will plan on planting most of my herbs in a planter OUTSIDE the enclosure. The basil will get planted on the inside though!

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